Неопределенные местоимения

Not + any and no

Not + any and no

We use «not + any» to build up negative sentences.

Сокращенная форма not any и no с существительными во множественном числе

There aren’t any children in the playground.
There isn’t any ice cream in the tub.
The Parsons haven’t got any children.

However, we can use «no + noun» instead, especially after have (got) and there is / are. Remember that the verb in this case is positive.

There are no children in the playground.
There is no ice cream in the tub.
The Parsons have got no children.

negative verb + any

positive verb + no

I haven’t got any friends in this city.

I’ve got no friends in this city.

There isn’t any information about the missing people.

There is no information about the missing people.

No and None

We use no + noun (no cars / no money etc.)

I’ve got no money. I can’t afford a vacation.
The car park is empty. There are no cars.

We use none alone (without a noun).

How much money have you got? – None. (=no money)
How many cars are there in the car park? – None. (=no cars)

None and no-one

We use none meaning «zero». None is an answer for How much? / How many? (things or people).

How much money have you got? – None. (=no money)
How many cars are there in the car park? – None. (=no cars)

No-one means nobody. It’s an answer for Who?

Who did you meet on your way home? – No-one. (or Nobody).

Not + anybody / anyone / anything and nobody / no-one / nothing

not + anybody / anyone

nobody / no-one

(for people)

not + anything

nothing

(for things)

There isn’t anybody / anyone in the office.

There isn’t anything in the waste-paper basket.

There is nobody / no-one in the office.

There is nothing in the waste-paper basket.

Who is in the office? – Nobody. / No-one.

What’s in the waste-paper basket? – Nothing.

anybody=anyone

nobody=no-one

(-body and –one are the same)

 

We use not + anybody / anyone with a negative verb.

There wasn’t anybody on the bus.

We use not + anything with a negative verb.

We didn’t find anything.

We use nobody (=not + anybody) or no-one (=not + anyone) with a positive verb.

There was nobody on the bus.
The office is empty. There is no-one in it.

We use nothing (=not + anything) with a positive verb.

We found nothing.

We can use nobody / no-one / nothing at the beginning of a sentence or alone (to answer a question).

The house is empty. Nobody lives here.
Who did you talk to about the problem? – No-one.
Nothing changed.
What did they tell you? – Nothing.

Упражнения

Beginner

Упражнения на Both, neither, all, none

Elementary 

Упражнения на неопределенные местоимения

Pre-intermediate 

Упражнения на неопределенные местоимения

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