Неопределенные местоимения

Some and Any

We generally use «some» meaning «a little, a few or a small number or amount». We use «any» meaning «one, some or all».

Usually, we use some in positive (+) sentences and any in negative (-) and question (?) sentences.

Употребление some и any в утвердительных, вопросительных и отрицательных предложениях

 

some

any

example situation

+

I have some money.

I have £10.

I don’t have any money.

I have £0.

?

Do you have any money?

Do you have £1 or £10 or £1,000?

Remember that some and any can be used both with countable plural nouns and uncountable nouns.

I’m going to the shops to by some clothes.
Are you going to buy any clothes?
I’m not going to buy any clothes.
There’s some time left before the train.
Is there any time left before the train?
There isn’t any time left before the train.

When a countable noun is singular we use «а» instead.

I’m going to buy a bigger house.
Is there a bank near here?
He hasn’t got a pen pal.

However, we normally use some (not any) when we ASK (Can I have..?) or OFFER (Would you like..?) things.

Исключения с some: утвердительные предложения, предложения и запросы

Can I have some maple syrup in my coffee, please?
Would you like some more tea?

Some and any can also be used without a noun.

I’ve just made some tea. Would you like some? (=some tea)
Where’s your luggage? I haven’t got any. (=any luggage)
Are there any sandwiches left? Yes, there are some on the kitchen table. (=some sandwiches)

In general, we use something/anything and somebody/anybody in the same way as some/any.

Производные от some

I’m hungry. I want something to eat.
I’m not hungry. I don’t want anything to eat.
Do you want anything to eat?
I can hear somebody (or someone) singing.
I can’t hear anybody (or anyone) singing.
Can you hear anybody (or anyone) singing?

Упражнения

Beginner

Упражнения на some и any
Упражнения на Both, neither, all, none

Elementary 

Упражнения на неопределенные местоимения

Pre-intermediate 

Упражнения на неопределенные местоимения

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